DETERMINATION OF THE FACTORS THAT AFFECT MOTHERS’ ATTITUDE TOWARDS IMMUNIZATION IN THE SOUTH-SOUTH REGION OF NIGERIA
Keywords:Attitude, Childhood, Factors, Immunization, Mother, Vaccination
Vaccination demand and acceptance depends on several factors that are quite broad and complex. The knowledge and attitude of a mother to childhood immunization play a key role in immunization coverage. Low immunization coverage in Nigeria is mostly attributed to poor knowledge, compliance, accessibility and inappropriate attitude among other factors. Poor compliance with full immunization is believed to be the most significant reason for low immunization coverage in the country due to socio-cultural obstacles to the acceptance of immunization. Aim: This study aims to assess the factors that determine the attitude of mothers towards immunization. Methodology: The study was carried out in Ukpenu community in Ekpoma, Edo State, Nigeria. A hundred and twenty (120) mothers were recruited into this cross-sectional descriptive study using a simple random sampling technique. Data collection was done using a structured questionnaire. The retrieved data were analyzed using the SPSS software version 21.0 and presented in frequency and percentage. Result: The study result showed that the respondents had a positive attitude towards immunization. This was evident in their immunization report. Their record revealed that most of their children were fully immunized. This was perceivable in their readiness to fully immunize their children against childhood vaccine-preventable diseases (VPDs), their willingness to recommend full immunization of children to their friends, relatives and other women, and their readiness to purchase the vaccines if they are no longer available free of charge to ensure that their children are fully immunized. It was discovered that educational status played a contributory role in the knowledge and attitude of mothers towards immunization. Conclusion: Maternal health education should be sustained to ensure continuous compliance and a positive attitude of mothers towards immunization.
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