THE LIQUIDITY AND PROFITABILITY TRADEOFF OF COMMERCIAL BANKS IN NIGERIA
Keywords:Banks, Commercial, Liquidity, Profitability, Trade-off, Nigeria
This study used empirical facts and assessed the trade-off of profitability versus liquidity (and vice versa) for five commercial banks in Nigeria. Multivariate research design, regression analysis, Ordinary Least Square, and correlation coefficient approaches were used to apply quantitative methodologies to data collected. Amongst the population of twenty-two banks, Zenith, First, United Bank for Africa, Guaranteed Trust and Union Banks were chosen as case studies for this study using a purposive sample approach. Secondary data was gathered from their five-year annual reports, which were published between 2015 and 2019. The correlation coefficient was employed to test the hypothesis, which revealed that there was a statistically perfect correlation (positive and negative) between LA (loans), BA (bank advances), and MDI (marketable debt instruments) against PAT (profit after tax) and ROA (return on assets). Furthermore, since banks strive to maintain their current assets, the findings revealed that efficient liquidity management is a key determinant that may boost or impair a bank’s profitability. To avoid future insolvency and bankruptcy, this study recommends that these banks use contemporary and effective liquidity management strategies amid the current post-pandemic environment. In addition, while focusing on the same topic of research, interested scholars should make significant use of a broader data coverage area.
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