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EVALUATION OF POULTRY HOUSE DUST AND ITS EFFECT ON THE BIOCHEMICAL, HAEMATOLOGICAL AND HISTOLOGICAL PARAMETERS OF WISTAR RATS IN EDO STATE

Authors

  • R Adams Department of Microbiology, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria
  • B. I. Idemudia Department of Microbiology, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria
  • E.E. Imarhiagbe Department of Environmental Management and Toxicology, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria
  • B. Ikhajiagbe Environmental Biotechnology and Sustainability Research Group, Dept. of Plant Biology and Biotechnology, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria
  • F. O. Ekhaise Department of Microbiology, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.52417/ojmr.v3i1.307

Keywords:

Poultry Dust, Wistar Rat, Biochemistry, Haematology, Histopathology

Abstract

Poultry farmers and birds are exposed to poultry dust which is a byproduct of commercial poultry production. It increases the chances of developing serious respiratory conditions. Adult male Wistar rats were used in this study due to their stable hormonal status to investigate the effect of poultry dust (PM10) on the biochemical, haematological and histopathological parameters of the animals. The Wistar rats were exposed to dust samples collected from 9 poultry farms in Edo State. Indoor concentration of dust samples was determined monthly using a Casella Cel 712 micro dust pro air sampler from December 2016 to November 2017. Wistar rats were exposed to sieved poultry dust obtained with the aid of a vacuum cleaner equipped with a 25- m mesh paper dust bag. Blood samples and organs were obtained from sacrificed Wistar rats for biochemical, haematological and histopathological studies. Poultry dust (PM10) concentration were above recommended limits (0.15mg/m3) of the United State Environmental Protection agency (USEPA). There was significant reduction in RBC, Hb, PCV, MCV, monocytes and lymphocytes count in dust-exposed Wistar rats compared to unexposed ones. There was also evidence of histopathology attributed to exposure. This study therefore revealed high dust concentration that can result to a number of health impacts in mammals within the poultry environment.

Published

2022-01-22

How to Cite

Adams, R., Idemudia, B. I., Imarhiagbe, E., Ikhajiagbe, B., & Ekhaise, F. O. (2022). EVALUATION OF POULTRY HOUSE DUST AND ITS EFFECT ON THE BIOCHEMICAL, HAEMATOLOGICAL AND HISTOLOGICAL PARAMETERS OF WISTAR RATS IN EDO STATE. Open Journal of Medical Research (ISSN: 2734-2093) , 3(1), 01-11. https://doi.org/10.52417/ojmr.v3i1.307